Racial profiling refers to all policies and practices by law enforcement that result in some groups of people being treated unfairly on the basis of race, on the basis of being perceived as "foreign" (ethnically-culturally, religiously), or because they are not considered to have equal rights.
Wilson A. is the survivor of a brutal and racist police check which took place on 19.10.2009 in Zurich. His case exemplifies the institutional racism of the Swiss police and judiciary.
The ECtHR rules in the case of Wa Baile v. Switzerland that Switzerland has violated the European Convention on Human Rights on three points.
What should I do if I am stopped by the police? Know your rights! Discriminatory police checks are illegal. However, they are an everyday reality for many people. There are only a few ways to defend yourself against them, especially because you run the risk that the police will fine you.
What to do when I observe a control? Become allies! When you become an ally, you show that you are aware, recognize the needs of other people and support them. You have a right to observe police stops and also to ask critical questions.